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The Role of the Demand Side in the Power System

The consultation on a new market design represents an opportunity for the European Union to embark on a course to increase the weight of demand in the power system.

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The Use of Electricity in Heating and Cooling Could Facilitate the Penetration of Renewables and Lower Carbon Emissions in Europe

Following the European Commission’s Heating & Cooling Strategy Consultation Forum, held in Brussels on September 9th, the European Copper Institute (ECI) is convinced that very significant opportunities exist, within the heating & cooling sector, to save energy, to increase the use of renewable-based technologies, thus reducing the dependency on imported fuels, and to better connect the EU’s electricity and thermal energy markets.

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ECI Annual Report 2006

The first half of 2006 saw a dramatic increase in the market price of most commodities, including copper. Compared to the London Metal Exchange price of 3,684 $/T in 2005, the average price rose by 83% to 6,727 $/T in 2006.

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Manifesto - Benefits of a Competitive European Copper Industry

Copper and its many alloys are characterised by their 100% recyclability, their superior technical properties, such as high electrical and thermal conductivity, their ability to be easily processed, and their durability. As a result, copper stands at the centre of many of the technologies that will drive Europe’s future competitiveness.

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What range of colours can be achieved with a finished bronze casting?

Using chemical treatment, any desired colour can be obtained. Specialist companies should be consulted to identify the correct product for a particular project.

What situation is each best for?

Copper-Zinc is good for flexible mesh containment systems.

Copper-Nickel is good for rigid (e.g. welded) mesh.

Copper-Silicon is good where rigid mesh is needed, or where panels can have flexible connections.

New Technologies Make Commercial Scale Copper Rotor Die-Casting Viable

Copper is an excellent material to use for rotors due to its high conductivity. Copper’s conductivity is rated at 57 Ms/m, which is significantly higher than that of aluminium (37 Ms/m). This makes copper the material of choice for a number of induction motor applications worldwide.

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What type of bronze is used for modern works of art?

Bronze has been used for centuries to create statues, and is still the first choice for modern, striking works of art. The most widely-used alloys for such objects are leaded gunmetals, such as CC492K and CC491K.

What type of copper is specified to make wire used to transmit electricity to trams, trolley buses or trains?

Pure copper is too soft for overhead wires and the copper alloys used are specified in BS EN 50149:2012. These are alloys of copper with respectively small amounts of silver, magnesium, tin or cadmium.