The European copper industry is very conscious of the impact that its operations have on the environment.
With water being one of the natural resources used to produce copper, the European copper industry has invested significantly in on-site treatment facilities in order to ensure that discharges are safe and compliant with local permits.
Industrial water is used in the copper industry for a variety of purposes including indirect and direct cooling, slag granulation and electrolysis. Treatment processes ensure that all waste water is treated and that dissolved metals and solids are removed. Some of the treated water is reused, thereby reducing the consumption of fresh water. This offers further benefits in terms of environmental protection and resource efficiency.
One side-effect of the copper industry’s wastewater treatment processes is the generation of by-products that can be used by other industries. Gypsum, for instance, is used in plaster-board manufacturing and in the cement industry.
The EU has an extensive legal framework in place to protect water bodies, as well as to ensure that industrial waste water complies with comprehensive limit values prior to discharge back into the environment. This includes the Water Framework Directive, Environmental Quality Standards, REACH, Industrial Emissions Directive etc.
The links from this section highlight three examples which illustrate how the European copper industry has developed treatment processes both to minimise the amount of wastewater and to ensure it meets the required quality standards before it is redirected to streams, rivers and coastal waters: